Vol. 24. No. 4


Phlebology occupies a unique niche in dermatology, lying at the crossroads between medicine and surgery, between cosmetic treatment and symptomatic treatment. Several articles within one issue of a journal certainly do not fairly  cover the vast topics within phlebology. However, I sincerely hope that these reviews will solidify the knowledge that you already have, and pique your interest in learning more about venous diseases.

Phlebology, Introduction

Jeffrey T.S. Hsu, MD

Dermatology is the study of all disorders related to the skin. Because venous diseases directly affect the skin, dermatologists need to have a basic understanding of phlebology.


Evaluation of Venous Insufficiency

Tri H Nguyen, MD

Venous disease often is a source of frustration for many physicians. Although superficial and readily visible on a skin
examination, veins remain an enigma in terms of diagnosis and therapy.


Microfoam Sclerotherapy

Pedro Redondo, MD, PhD | Juan Cabrera, MD, PhD

Here, we report the technique and long-term outcomes of ultrasound-guided injection of polidocanol microfoam in the treatment of large varicose long saphenous veins, postsurgical recurrence varicose veins, varicose ulcers, and venous vascular malformations.


Laser Treatment of Leg Veins

Arielle N.B. Kauvar, MD | Tatiana Khrom, MD

This article reviews the fundamentals of laser tissue interactions for the treatment of leg veins and details the recent clinical experience with the newer near-infrared devices.


Endovenous Ablation of Truncal Veins

Girish S. Munavalli, MD, Mhs | Robert A Weiss, MD, FAAD, FACPh

The purpose of this article is to review our experience and outline advantages and disadvantages of the various techniques available.